Mark C. Russell
Core Faculty, PsyD Program, School of Applied Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy
Establishing Director, Institute of War Stress Injury, Recovery, and Social Justice
Mark C. Russell is a dual Board certified licensed psychologist in clinical psychology and child and adolescent clinical psychology with nearly three decades immersed as a scientist-practitioner and public policy advocate. He is the establishing director of Antioch University’s Institute of War Stress Injury, Recovery, and Social Justice dedicated to ending mental health stigma and other preventable causes of a generational cycle of wartime behavioral health crises. Dr. Russell’s ground-breaking research on war trauma is featured in the film Thank You for Your Service at the 2015 NYC Documentary Film Festival.
- Fellow, Child Clinical Psychology, Harvard Medical School, 1995
- PhD Clinical Psychology, Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, 1993
- MS Clinical Psychology, Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, 1991
- MA Counseling Psychology, Chapman College, 1989
- BA Psychology, Chapman College, 1984
- AA General Arts, University of Maryland, 1982
Russell, M. C., Schaubel, S. R., & Figley, C. R. (2018a). The darker side of military mental healthcare - Part one: Understanding the military’s mental health dilemma. Psychological Injury and Law, 11(1), 22-36.
Russell, M. C., Schaubel, S. R., & Figley, C. R. (2018b). The darker side of military mental healthcare - Part two: Five harmful strategies to manage its mental health dilemma. Psychological Injury and Law, 11(1), 37-68.
Russell, M. C., Schaubel, S. R., & Figley, C. R. (2018c). The darker side of military mental healthcare. Part one: Understanding the military’s mental health dilemma. Psychological Injury and Law, 11(1), 69-104.
Russell, M.C., & Cowan, J. (2018). The making of compassion stress injury: A review of historical and etiological models toward a de-stigmatizing neurobehavioral conceptualization. Challenges, 9(7), 1-7
Russell, M. C., & Figley, C. R. (2017a). Do the military’s frontline psychiatry/combat and operational stress control doctrine help or harm veterans?—Part one: Framing the issue. Psychological Injury and Law, 10, 1–23.
Russell, M. C., & Figley, C. R. (2017b). Do the military’s frontline psychiatry/combat operational stress control programs benefit veterans? Part two: Systematic review of the evidence. Psychological Injury and Law, 10, 24–71.
Russell, M. C., & Figley, C. R. (2017c). Is the military’s century-old frontline psychiatry policy harmful to veterans and their families? Part three of a systematic review. Psychological Injury and Law, 10, 72–95.
Russell, M.C., Zinn, B., & Figley, C.R. (2016). Exploring options including class action to transform military mental healthcare and ends the generational cycle of preventable wartime behavioral health crises. Psychological Injury and Law, 9, 166-197. DOI 10.1007/s12207-016-9258-2.
Russell, M.C., Butkus, S., & Figley, C.R. (2016a). Contribution of military organization and leadership factors in perpetuating generational cycle of preventable wartime mental health crises: Part one. Psychological Injury and Law, 9(1), 55-72.
Russell, M.C., Butkus, S., & Figley, C.R. (2016b). Ending the generational cycle of preventable wartime mental health crises: Part two: Establishing a behavioral health corps and other constructive solutions. Psychological Injury and Law, 9(1), 73-86.
Russell, M.C. & Brickell, M. (2015). The “double-edge” of empathy: A unifying neurobehavioral theory of compassion stress injury. Social Science, 4, 1087-1117
Brickell, M., Russell, M.C., & Smith, R. (2015). The effectiveness of evidence-based treatments of active military personnel and their families. Journal of EMDR Theory and Practice, 9(4), 198-208.
Russell, M.C., & Figley, C. R. (2015b). Investigating recurrent generational wartime behavioral health crises: Part two of a preliminary analysis. Psychological Injury and Law. 8(1), 132–152. doi: 10.1007/s12207-015-9224-4.
Russell, M.C., & Figley, C. R. (2015a). Generational wartime behavioral health crises: Part one of a preliminary analysis. Psychological Injury and Law. 8(1), 106–131.DOI: 10.1007/s12207-015-9223-5
Russell, M.C., & Figley, C. R. (2015). Overview of the Affordable Care Act’s impact on military and veteran mental health services: Nine implications for significant improvements in care. In F. H. Kuramoto & F. K. O. Yuen (Eds.) The Affordable Care Act and integrated behavioral health care: Meeting the health and behavioral health needs of a diverse society. New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 162-196.
Russell, M.C., Figley, C.R., & Robertson, K. R. (2015). Investigating the psychiatric lessons of war and pattern of preventable wartime behavioral health crises. Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Science, 3(1), 1-16.
Russell, M.C. Butkus, S. N. (2014). Mental health in the Army. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(8):966 doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.695
Russell, M.C., & Figley, C. R. (2014). Overview of the Affordable Care Act's impact on military and veteran mental health services: Nine implications for significant improvements in care. Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation, 13:1-2, 162-196, doi:10.1080/1536710X.2013.870514.
Russell, M.C., & Figley, C. R. (2013). Military operational stress and behavioral health. In B.A. Moore & J. Barnett (Eds.), Military psychologists’ desk reference. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Russell, M.C., Cooke, T., & Rogers, S. (2013). EMDR and effective management of acute war/traumatic stress injuries: Early mental health intervention from a military perspective. In M. Luber (Ed.). Models of EMDR trauma response for man-made and natural disasters. New York, NY: Springer Publishing.
Russell, M. C., & Figley, C. R. (2013). Treating traumatic stress disorders in military personnel: An EMDR practitioner’s guide. New York, NY: Routledge.
Wright, S. A., & Russell, M. C. (2012). Treating violent impulses: A case study utilizing eye movement desensitization and reprocessing with a military client. Clinical Case Studies, 12(2), 128–144.
Russell, M.C., Lipke, H. E., & Figley, C. R. (2011). EMDR therapy. In B.A. Moore & W.A. Penk (Eds), Handbook for the treatment of PTSD in military personnel. NY: Guilford Press. Russell, M. C., & Friedberg, F. (2009). Training, treatment access and research on trauma intervention in the armed services. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 3, 24-31.
Russell, M. C. (2008a). Scientific resistance to research, training and utilization of EMDR therapy in treating post-war disorders. Social Science and Medicine, 67(11), 1737-1746.
Russell, M. C. (2008b). War-related medically unexplained symptoms, prevalence, management and treatment: Utilizing EMDR within the Armed Services. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 2, 212-225.
Russell, M. C. (2008c). Treating traumatic amputation-related phantom limb pain: A case study utilizing eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) within the armed services. Clinical Case Studies, 7, 136-153.
Silver, S. M., Rogers, S., & Russell, M. (2008). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in the treatment of war veterans. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, 84(8), 947-957.
Russell, M., & Silver, S. M. (2007). Training needs for the treatment of combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder: A survey of Department of Defense clinicians. Traumatology, 13(3), 4-10.
Russell, M., Silver, S., Rogers, S, & Darnell, J. (2007). Responding to an identified need: A joint DoD-DVA training program for clinicians treating trauma survivors. International Journal of Stress Management, 14(1) 61-71.
Russell, M. (2006). Treating combat-related stress disorders: A multiple case study utilizing eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) with battlefield casualties from the Iraqi War. Military Psychology, 18(1) 1-18.
Russell, M., Shoquist, D., & Chambers C. (2005). Effectively managing the psychological wounds of war. Navy Medicine, Apr-Mar, 23-26.
Russell, M. (2000). Treating depression with EMDR. EMDR-Network Japan Newsletter, 3, 3-5.
Nasby, W., & Russell, M.C. (1997). Posttraumatic stress disorder and the states-of-mind model: Evidence of specificity. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 21, 117-134.
Russell, M.C. (1992). Attentional focus and states-of-mind in post-traumatic stress disorder among Vietnam combat veterans. Dissertation Abstracts.
- 10 Aug 2018: American Psychological Association (APA), Division 56 Trauma Psychology, Outstanding Service to the Field of Trauma Psychology award presented at APA convention, San Francisco, CA.
- 14 Oct 2006: Washington State Psychological Association (WPSA), Distinguished Psychologist Award for “Significant contributions to field of psychology and the Armed Services mental healthcare,” presented at Fall WPSA convention, Lynnwood, WA.
- 26 Aug 2005: Awarded, Meritorious Service Medal, by President of United States, via Commander, Navy Region Northwest, “Widely recognized as a national expert in the area of PTSD and therapeutic technique of EMDR, Commander Russell’s most far-reaching impact has been through his tireless efforts to address combat-related psychological trauma.”
- 05 May 2005: Awarded, Commanding General’s Coin, by Brigadier General Michael Dunn, USA, for “organizing and conducting two, 20-hour supervised clinical trainings on treatment for PTSD for over 130 DoD/DVA mental health providers”, Fort Lewis Army Base, Tacoma, WA.
- 12 Jan 2005: Received, Certificate of Appreciation, from Madigan Army Medical Center and Western Region Medical Command for “outstanding contributions in the facilitation of EMDR training to DoD/DVA mental health providers”
- 01 Nov 2004: The Association of Medical Services Corps Officers of the Navy, Letter of Appreciation, for poster submission “Innovative Management and Treatment of Combat-Related Stress”
- 21 May 2004: TRICARE Management Activity, Certificate of Appreciation for participating in 2004 TRICARE poster Exhibit, “Standardization of Navy Medicine Management of Combat-Related Stress and Utilization of Mental Health Assets during Fleet Hospital and other Operational Deployments”
- 16 Jul 2003: Awarded, Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal by Secretary of Navy, for “spearheading the mental health screening of almost 1,400 patients from the combat zone facilitating the early identification and intervention of acute combat stress disorder, the precursor to PTSD.”
Clinical Interests/Area of Research
- Forensic evaluations
- Child, adolescent, and adult assessment
- Military and veteran-related evaluations
- Research interests: Trauma spectrum; EMDR, stigma, mental health disparity, social justice
- American Psychological Association (APA)
- American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP)
- American Academy of Clinical Psychology
- Washington State Psychological Association (WSPA)
- APA Division 53: Clinical Child Psychology
- APA Division 56: Trauma Psychology
- Interest Research Group
Institute of War Stress Injury, Recovery, and Social Justice
Undergraduate Courses, University of Maryland
- Introduction to Psychology
- Psychology of Adjustment
- Child Psychology
- Theories of Personality
- Clinical Psychology Adult and Aging
- Social Psychology
- Military Psychology
- Introduction to Statistics
- Psychology of War & Terror
- Adolescent Psychology
- Adult Psychopathology
- Learning Theory
- Counseling Psychology
- Biological Psychology
- Research Methods
Graduate Level Courses
- Professional Seminar-Adult Psychotherapy
- Professional Seminar-Child Therapy
- Health Psychology I (pediatric psychology)
- Child and Adolescent Assessment
- Child and Adolescent Therapy
- Advanced Ethics
- History of War and Traumatic Stress Injuries: A Social Justice Perspective
- Dissertation Seminar
- Evidence-base Treatment of Traumatic Stress Injuries: EMDR
- Developmental Psychopathology Disaster, Crisis, and Trauma Interventions